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Electric vehicles really are not that much different than the gasoline-powered automobiles that most people are familiar with. In fact, many people are unable to tell the difference between a vehicle that is electric-powered and one that is gasoline-powered. This is because the majority of the components of either vehicle are generally the same. Many of the gasoline-powered vehicles that we use today can be converted to electric-powered vehicles by removing the gasoline engine and replacing it with a series of batteries.
The appeal of the electric vehicle is primarily related to its energy efficiency and environmental friendliness. Electric cars produce no emissions because they do not require a combustion process in order to run. This means that the vehicle does not require a gasoline tank or an exhaust system. Gasoline-powered vehicles depend on the combustion process in order to run and they utilize the exhaust system in order to emit the harmful byproducts that result from the ignition of gasoline.
Electric vehicles vary greatly in the distance that they can travel on a single charge. The standard distance for most electric cars currently in production is around 30 – 50 miles. This distance is fine for the average consumer who commutes to and from work each day. As long as the driver remembers to plug the vehicle in at night, they should always awake in the morning with a fully-charged vehicle that is ready for driving. It is estimated that the standard electric automobile consumes around $500 – $800 worth of electricity each year.
The difference between the amount of money that the average consumer spends on gasoline each year and the cost of electricity required to power an electric automobile are dramatic. This leaves many people to wonder why electric vehicles have not become more common on the roads of the United States. The answer really boils down to cost and infrastructure. Most electric cars require a series of expensive batteries in order to run. Each battery may cost in excess of $2,000 to replace. As you can see, it does not take long for battery replacements to exceed the cost of a year’s supply of gasoline.
Electric cars are also usually more expensive to purchase. The average consumer simply cannot afford to spend the kind of money that most electric vehicles are selling for. When you account for the cost of energy that is consumed by automotive electrical systems, the total lifetime cost of an electric vehicle ends up being about $5,000 more than that of a traditional gasoline vehicle. In the case of electric vehicles, the slow rate of adoption is simply an economic result of high costs.
Researchers at Harvard University have suggested that in order for electric cars to be widely accepted, the price of one gallon of gasoline would need to rise above $4.50 and the cost and efficiency of electric cars would need to see further improvement. Until the economic factors that influence the average consumer’s purchasing decision fall in favor of electric automobiles, we are unlikely to see the kind of widespread adoption that is needed to have a meaningful impact on emissions.
Source ArticlesBase.com wrote by Richard Wilson