Garbage is perhaps one of the environmental issues that will never, ever be solved. Every day, the entire planet is accumulating tons of garbage, and this volume is increasing exponentially every yearly. Although more landfills and incinerator plants are being opened in various areas around the world, this doesn’t provide the ultimate solution. As a result, some of these garbage end up in wrong places such as canals, and shorelines. Making them not only unpleasant for the eyes, but also for the health and the environment.
Okay, so there doesn’t seem to be a way to stop man in producing trash. However, this doesn’t mean that they can’t be managed. While many people are becoming more environmentally conscious, the government in many nations have also implemented more strict laws in waste management. Meaning they have become mandatory and everyone has to comply whether they like it or not. So what is this proper waste management thing? Well, it’s actually a no-brainer that even a small child could understand. Waste management involves the segregation of waste materials, the biodegradable and non-biodegradable.
Biodegradable wastes are organic/decaying substances that are normally used for agricultural purposes. This includes, paper materials, animal wastes, and plant/animal decays. Farmers normally, use a method called composting where all organic wastes are put together in a container or pit and let them decompose for a while. The byproduct of composting is used as fertilizers for plants.
As for the non-biodegradable wastes, they do not decay. Therefore, other methods must be applied in order to dispose them. These are the three “R’s” of environmental conservation – Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle Reducing is the method of using disposable materials less frequently. Plastic bags, for example is one of the most used items in Southeast Asia. However, since they don’t often have much use afterwards, they end up in the dumpster, or even in waterways and oceans, in which they’re not supposed to be.
As one of the solutions to wide use of plastic bags, supermarkets would encourage their consumers to purchase ECO-BAGS. This way, all grocery items will be placed inside, and thus, reducing the use of disposable plastic bags. Reusing is the way of putting some items to use for more than once. Some products that we buy in supermarkets come in cardboard boxes, metallic cans, and plastic containers that are brilliantly designed for people to reuse them after their contents are all consumed. However, while some people buy the same products more often, the next problem is what they are going to do with the extra reusable containers. The third ‘R’ explains it, which is recycling.
Recycling is the conversion of waste material into another usable items. Commonly recycled materials include plastic, metal, glass, and paper.Some companies nowadays are using recyclable scraps in order to lower the costs for raw materials. Recycling items greatly reduces the volume of waste that is deposited in landfills or burned in incinerator plants.
Source: ArticleBase.com wrote by Lorenzo Cruz