Vascular plants are plants that have a system of tubes and vessels that transport water and nutrients throughout the plant. Nonvascular plants do not have this system and must rely on other means to transport water and nutrients. The two main types of vascular plants are angiosperms and gymnosperms. Angiosperms are flowering plants that produce seeds enclosed in a protective covering. Gymnosperms are seed-bearing plants that do not produce flowers. The two main types of nonvascular plants are mosses and liverworts. Mosses are small, green plants that grow in moist environments. Liverworts are small, green plants that grow in damp environments.

Vascular plants are able to grow to large sizes because they can transport water and nutrients efficiently throughout the plant. Nonvascular plants are limited in size because they cannot transport water and nutrients as efficiently. Vascular plants also have a well-developed root system that helps to anchor the plant in the ground and absorb water and nutrients. Nonvascular plants do not have a well-developed root system and are not as efficient at absorbing water and nutrients.

Vascular plants are more complex than nonvascular plants and have specialized tissues that help to transport water and nutrients throughout the plant. Nonvascular plants do not have these specialized tissues and are less complex overall. Vascular plants also tend to be more resistant to drought and other environmental stresses. Nonvascular plants are more susceptible to drought and other environmental stresses.

In general, vascular plants are better suited to live in harsher environments than nonvascular plants. Nonvascular plants are better suited to live in moist environments. Vascular plants can also tolerate periods of drought better than nonvascular plants.

The main difference between vascular and nonvascular plants is that vascular plants have a system of tubes and vessels that transport water and nutrients throughout the plant while nonvascular plants do not have this system. Vascular plants are better suited to live in harsher environments and can tolerate periods of drought better than nonvascular plants.

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